Section 4

Challenge to Massive Space

“Challenge to Massive Space” depicts the process in which Tange realized various shell structures in partnership with Yoshikatsu Tsuboi, a structural engineer. In Japan in the aftermath of the war, any architectural design involving a large space unobstructed by pillars, such as gymnasiums, generally required steel frames. Because steel was extremely expensive, Tange and Tsuboi explored the possibilities of economical shell structures with bold design. In the US, Eero Saarinen led the trend by MIT auditorium, etc. at the time. Tange regarded Saarinen as his arch-rival and successfully installed multiple shell structures on the earthquake-prone terrains of Japan.

  • 4-1.
    Hiroshima Church Design Competition

    Perspective Drawing | Heiwakinen Hiroshima katorikku seido sekkeikyougi sekkei tosho [Plans submitted by architects of Japan in competition for the Memorial Church of Hiroshima] Koyosha, 1949

  • 4-2.
    Hiroshima Children’s Library

    Bar arrangement drawing | 23 April, 1952 | Kawaguchi Laboratory, Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo

  • 4-3.
    Ehime Prefectural Hall Sketch

    Draft of the Ehime Prefectural Hall building in Tange Kenzo’s notebook | February, March 1952 | Private Collection

  • 4-4.
    Ehime Prefectural Public Hall

    Model for Ehime Prefectural Public Hall | 2013 | The Kagawa Museum

  • 4-5.
    Sunpu/Shizuoka Convention Hall (Former Shizuoka Gymnasium)

    Shizuoka Gymnasium structural calculation documents | April 6, 1957 | Kawaguchi Laboratory, Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo

  • 4-6.
    Kagawa Prefectural Gymnasium

    Bar arrangement drawing of the second floor slab | − | The Kenzō Tange Archive [Kagawa Prefectural Gymnasium]. Gift of Mrs. Takako Tange, 2011. Courtesy of the Frances Loeb Library, Harvard University Graduate School of Design.

  • 4-7.
    St.Mary’s Cathedral Design Competition

    Competition proposal model | − | Private Collection

  • 4-8.
    St. Mary’s Cathedral

    Section | June 15, 1963 | The Kenzō Tange Archive [St. Mary’s Cathedral, Tokyo]. Gift of Mrs. Takako Tange, 2011. Courtesy of the Frances Loeb Library, Harvard University Graduate School of Design

  • 4-9.
    The Kuwait Sports Centre project

    Ground floor plan | September 1969 | Tange Associates

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